Logo jp

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment

Combating Climate Change

Measures Against Climate Change

Based on its material CSR issues (materiality), the Nabtesco Group has been promoting Group-wide efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to enforce energy-saving activities as part of its measures against climate change. We have not only introduced environment-related incentive systems such as the energy conservation activity commendation program, energy-saving product certification system, and environmental contribution achievement ranks but also strive to steadily reduce greenhouse gas emissions through the implementation of NEMS and by quantitatively monitoring the status and effects of Group-wide efforts.

In November 2016, the Paris Agreement*1, an international framework for countermeasures against climate change beyond 2020, came into effect and the 2 degrees Celsius target*2 was adopted as an international target. In response, the Nabtesco Group set a long-term target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which has been approved by the SBT (Science Based Targets)*3 Initiative.

The Nabtesco Group also advocates the measures taken by the CDP*4of the United Kingdom to mitigate the impact of climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In FY2010, we began to disclose the Nabtesco Group’s climate change strategies and greenhouse gas emissions to the CDP to enhance the transparency of our own efforts. Nabtesco Corporation was selected for inclusion in the Climate A List, the highest CDP rating, from FY2016 to FY2018 and was selected as one of the CDP's Supplier Engagement leaders in FY2018. In addition, we announced our support for the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD)*5, reported this to the Financial Stability Board (FSB)*6, and begun efforts to uphold this declaration. Going forward, along with the progress of our efforts, we will disclose climate change related information in accordance with the TCFD.

  • *1 An international treaty to curb climate change beyond 2020 that was adopted by multiple nations on December 12, 2015 in Paris, following the 21st Session of the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 21)
  • *2 An international target set under the Paris Agreement to maintain the average global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius (°C) compared to pre-industrial levels
  • *3 A framework that encourages companies to set their medium-term targets (for five to 15 years ahead) at a level that will enable achievement of the 2°C target. Such targets are certified following a screening by the SBT initiative.
  • *4 The CDP is an international non-profit organization. It urges companies that boast the world’s top-ranked total market value to disclose their climate change strategies and greenhouse gas emissions levels. Based on the information disclosed, the CDP annually evaluates the companies and announces their scores to the public. The CDP represents 803 institutional investors with total assets of 100 trillion US dollars (as of 2017 survey), and calls on Japan’s top 500 companies in terms of market capitalization (that is, the constituents of the FTSE Japan Index) to disclose information.
  • *5 Established in December 2015 by FSB. The TCFD recommends that companies analyze the risks and opportunities associated with climate change and reflect the results in their financial information.
  • *6 A body consisting of central banks in major countries, financial regulatory authorities and other principal institutions. The FSB acts as a facilitator of cooperation among authorities that take measures against vulnerabilities in and stabilize financial systems.

Governance

Nabtesco Corporation's Board of Directors determines and supervises our strategies, basic policies, and the execution of important operations by sharing information through reports on important issues. Regarding climate change, a director in charge of environmental security reports on the progress toward the CO2 emission reduction goal and the status of major environmental facility investments.

Under the guidance and supervision by the Board of Directors, the President and CEO (hereinafter, "CEO") establishes Nabtesco Group's environmental philosophy, environmental action guidelines, and long-term goals. At the Board of Executive Officers (composed of the CEO and executive officers), the director in charge of environmental security reports the status of CO2 emissions at our companies and main group companies. If there is a gap between the current status and the goal, we identify the causes and take measures accordingly. If any item under discussion or report is deemed to affect our business, the CEO determines appropriate measures and reflects them in our business strategies.
 

As a promoting organization under the direct control of the CEO that is involved in Environment, Safety, and Health (ESH) management, Nabtesco has established the Group ESH Committee with jurisdiction over the entire Nabtesco Group. The CEO appoints the chairperson and members of the Group ESH Committee from our officers, including members of the Board of Directors. The chairperson of the Group ESH Committee collects important information on the environment, safety, and health, including climate change-related risks and opportunities, from our companies and group companies. The chairperson also visits each site to carry out ESH audits and company-wide energy conservation meetings, etc. The Group ESH Committee uses the results of this monitoring to evaluate importance and deliberate measures for any issues deemed to be important.

Strategies (Risks and Opportunities)

When the result of the audits by the Group ESH Committee shows that any issues (risks or opportunities) associated with climate change have an important effect on our business, they are reflected to our business strategies by the determination of the CEO.

In the future, the following risks are anticipated depending on requests from the market or customers: increase of carbon prices, increase of operating costs due to the purchase of electricity from renewable sources, increase of capital expenditures for the introduction of power generation equipment, etc. using renewable resources and the increase of R&D costs for energy-saving product development. There are also physical risks such as business interruption due to damaged infrastructure or unstable electric power supply caused by wind or water disaster.

On the other hand, the following opportunities are also expected: new business opportunities from the establishment of new laws and regulations (e.g. the energy-efficiency labeling system becoming obligatory) and the expansion of opportunities for the Maintenance, Repair, Overhaul (MRO) business, etc. due to a change in consumers' preferences for longer product lives to reduce CO2 emissions as their awareness of climate change increases.

Going forward, Nabtesco Corporation will continue to strive to identify risks and opportunities associated with the environment and make efforts to take measures to address the risks and realize the opportunities, including the further promotion of energy conservation activities.

Risk Management

The Group ESH Committee collects important information related to risks and opportunities associated with climate change from the companies and group companies and evaluates whether or not they have a significant impact on our business activities and discusses measures for issues that are determined to be important. They evaluate and prioritize possible amount of financial impact and probability or feasibility. The Group ESH Committee draws up and discusses the measures to address highly probable risks on a preferential basis, regardless of their impact. In addition to climate change, the Group ESH Committee evaluates waste, chemical substances, and employees' safety and health.

Indicators and Goals

In FY2016, the Nabtesco Group set long-term greenhouse gas emissions targets for FY2050. Specifically, we aim to reduce (1) CO2 emissions by our Group companies in Japan and (2) CO2 emissions relative to sales (per unit of sales) from global production activities including emissions from our overseas sites, by 30% by FY2030 and by 80% by FY2050 compared to FY2015 levels. Moreover, the long-term target for the reduction of CO2 emissions from Nabtesco Corporation, which is included in (1) above, has been approved by the SBT Initiative.

We have also set medium-term targets for FY2020. Specifically, we aim to reduce our domestic CO2 emissions to a level below that of FY2015 and to lower our emissions per unit of global sales by 9% or more, in light of the anticipated increase in production volume and reinforcement of plants and equipment in line with the expected future growth of our operations.

CO2 emissions target FY2015
(base year)
FY2020 FY2030
(30% reduction)
FY2050
(80% reduction)
Total CO2 emissions in Japan(t-CO2 46,100 46,100 32,270 9,220
Global CO2 emissions per unit of sales 0.239 0.217 0.167 0.048

In addition, we have begun to expand activities from our company alone to our suppliers as well. Of the greenhouse gas emissions from the entire supply chain, the percentage of emissions from purchased goods and services (category 1 of Scope 3 emissions) is high, making it essential for our suppliers to take initiatives to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. In response, we begun a survey of our main suppliers (the top suppliers constituting 70% of annual purchases) to see if they have set voluntary targets to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. As of FY2019, 69.9% of our main suppliers have set voluntary targets to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and begun to take initiatives to achieve these targets. We will provide support so that all of our main suppliers set voluntary reduction targets by 2025.

Corporate Communications Department, environment & safety Department, 1, 2

2019 Targets and Results

Theme thumb 126 388 05e

Scope 3 Emissions

Thanks to energy-saving activities and the introduction of solar power systems, the Nabtesco Group achieved a significant reduction in domestic CO2 emissions in FY2019. Although the target for the internal management indicator was not achieved, the intermediate target for FY2020 for the actual emissions indicator was achieved one year ahead of schedule.

In FY2019, as an energy-saving activity, we renovated processing facilities using inverters and replaced air conditioning and lighting equipment with high-efficiency equipment.

Our reduction of global emissions per unit of sales from both domestic and overseas sites exceeded the target by 6%, achieving the intermediate target for FY2020 one year ahead of schedule.

The Nabtesco Group has been engaging in energy-saving activities by improving the efficiency of production and air conditioning facilities and by making use of energy monitoring systems, with the aim of achieving our long-term targets. Although our production capacity is expected to continue to expand in line with operational growth in the future, it is a prerequisite that new plants to be established in Japan and overseas cut their energy consumption by 40% or more relative to that of existing plants. It is our plan to leverage energy-saving technologies to be developed at these new plants for use at our existing plants, thus achieving the reduction of CO2 emissions across the Group.

Targets and Results of FY2019
Item FY2019 Targets FY2019 Results Performance Status
Total CO2 emissions
[In Japan]*1 *2 *3 *4
49,154 51,382 5% above target Not Achieved
Per unit of sales
[Global] *1 *3 *5 *6
0.223 0.209 -6% Achieved
  • *1 The calculation policy and standards comply with the Act on the Regional Use of Energy and the Act on the Promotion of Global Warming Countermeasures, and are aligned with the internal Guidelines on the Management of Environmental Information.
  • *2 The management of the results for the total CO2 emissions is based on the number derived from the  internal management index. The CO2 conversion factors used to calculate actual results are the FY2008 factors, except the factor for electricity, for which the default value of 0.555 kg-CO2/ kWh is used.
  • *3 The calculation period covers January to December 2019.
  • *4 The calculation scope includes Nabtesco Corporation and domestic Group Companies (11 companies and 27 sites), which are listed at “Scope of Environment and Other Data,”.
  • *5 The CO2 conversion index published by the Ministry of the Environment for each industry is used as the actual emission factor.
  • *6 The calculation scope includes Nabtesco Corporation and Japanese and overseas consolidated subsidiaries (27 companies and 43 sites), which are listed at “Scope of Environment and Other Data.”
The Amount of CO2 Emissions
[in Japan]
The Amount of CO2 Emissions [in Japan]
The Amount of CO2 Emissions
[Global]
The Amount of CO2 Emissions [Global]
  • * The figure for the Nabtesco Group in FY2015 was calculated with the scope of the survey being the 12 months from January to December 2015.
CO2 Emissions per Unit of Sales [Global] (Amount of CO2 emissions/sales)
CO2 Emissions per Unit of Sales [Global] (Amount of CO2 emissions/sales)
  • * The figure for the Nabtesco Group in FY2015 was calculated with the scope of the survey being the 12 months from January to December 2015.

Calculation of Scope 3 Emissions

The Nabtesco Group began to calculate greenhouse gas emissions from the entire supply chain in FY2013 with a view to identifying and effectively reducing the environmental impact of our business activities as a whole. The following table shows the calculation results of past three years.

Emissions from the entire supply chain
(Unit: t-CO2)
Classification FY2017 FY2018 FY2019
Direct emissions (Scope 1)*7 *8 8,686 8,781 6,599
Indirect emissions through the use of electricity and others (Scope 2)*7 *8 61,538 61,395 53,874
Emissions from the supply chain (Scope 3)*9 871,463 979,097 940,976
  • * The figure for the Nabtesco Group in FY2015 was calculated with the scope of the survey being the 12 months from January to December 2015.

The following table shows the breakdown of our Scope 3 CO2 emissions. Of our Scope 3 CO2 emissions, “Purchased goods and services” (category 1) accounts for the largest percentage of 72.2%, followed by “Upstream transportation and distribution” (category 4) at 20.8%.

At the Nabtesco Group, we will continue to identify and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from our entire supply chain.

In order to ensure the reliability of the calculation results, we had them verified by a third party, Lloyd’s Register Quality Assurance Limited.

  • *7 The calculation scope includes Nabtesco Corporation, and Japanese and overseas consolidated subsidiaries (27 companies and 43 sites), which are listed at “Scope of Environment and Other Data.
  • *8 The calculation policy and standards comply with the Act on the Regional Use of Energy and the Act on the Promotion of Global Warming Countermeasures, and are aligned with the internal Guidelines on the Management of Environmental Information.
  • *9 The calculation scope includes Nabtesco Corporation only.
Scope 3 Emissions (FY2019)
Category Emissions (t-CO2) Rate (%) Remarks
FY2019
1 Purchased goods and services 679,177 72.2%  
2 Capital goods 34,655 3.7%  
3 Fuel- and energy-related activities 3,149 0.3%  
4 Upstream transportation and distribution 196,021 20.8%  
5 Waste generated in operations 1,078 0.1%  
6 Business travel 3,507 0.4%  
7 Employee commuting 1,540 0.2%  
8 Upstream leased assets -   N/A (No corresponding leased assets)
9 Downstream transportation and distribution -   N/A (Completed products transported on consignment are included in Category 4)
10 Processing of sold products -   N/A (Nabtesco products are completed products and not processed after being sold)
11 Use of sold products 20,885 2.2%  
12 End-of life treatment of sold products 964 0.1%  
13 Downstream leased assets -   N/A (No corresponding leased assets)
14 Franchises -   N/A (No corresponding franchises)
15 Investments -   N/A (No corresponding investments)
Total 940,976 100.0%  

The Scope 3 calculations for FY2019 were made by the following method and for the following period and scope.

  • Calculation method: As shown in the basic guidelines on the calculation of greenhouse gas emissions from supply chains set by the Ministry of the Environment and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
  • Targeted period: January 1 to December 31, 2019
Corporate Communications Department, environment & safety Department, 1, 2

Reduction in Energy Consumption

Energy Consumption [Global]
Energy Consumption [Global]
  • * The figure for the Nabtesco Group in FY2015 was calculated with the scope of the survey being the 12 months from January to December 2015.

The Nabtesco Group strives to reduce its energy consumption. We are continuously working to conserve energy and replace existing equipment with energy-saving alternatives. We have also installed electricity meters in our energy-heavy production facilities to monitor excessive use of electricity and standby power, repair equipment, and improve operational methods.

We have also visualized our energy consumption by introducing a monitoring system, which permits us to monitor our energy consumption on a real-time basis.

To raise awareness of energy conservation, we established the energy conservation activity commendation program in September 2012. In FY2019, the Railroad Products Company, Nabtesco Automotive Corporation, Toyo Jidoki Co., Ltd., and TS Precision Co., Ltd. received awards in this commendation program.

Corporate Communications Department, environment & safety Department, 2

Renewable Energy

The Nabtesco Group is promoting the use of renewable energy equipment at its facilities. First introduced to the Tarui Plant (Gifu Prefecture) in 2012, solar power generation facilities began operating at the Tsu Plant (Mie Prefecture) and the Kobe Plant (Hyogo Prefecture) in 2016, at the Gifu Plant (Gifu Prefecture) and a precision reduction gear plant of a Group company in China in 2017, at Toyo Jidoki Co., Ltd. (Yamaguchi Prefecture) and Nabtesco Service Co., ltd. (Kanagawa Prefecture) in 2018, and in 2019, a second system was introduced at both the Tsu Plant (Mie Prefecture) and the Gifu Plant (Gifu Prefecture).

The Nabtesco Group will continue its proactive measures to promote the use of renewable energy in the future.

Solar panels at Tsu plant Solar panels at Tsu plant
Solar panels at Kobe plant Solar panels at Kobe plant
Solar panels at Gifu plant Solar panels at Gifu plant
Solar panels at Toyo Jidoki Co., Ltd. Solar panels at Toyo Jidoki Co., Ltd.
Corporate Communications Department, environment & safety Department, 1, 2

Mitigation of Environmental Impact Caused by Products and Services

Certification System for Energy-Saving Products

Nabtesco’s eco label and CertificateNabtesco’s eco label and Certificate

This certification system was established to foster the design and the development of energy-saving products in order to promote environmental protection and the development of a sustainable society. Through this system we are contributing to the mitigation of global warming while increasing the environmental awareness of our employees.

For products that have obtained the certification, we issue certificates, approve the use of the certification mark and make announcements about the certification in our in-house magazine. For energy-saving product certifications, we internally evaluate products to be released on the market to see whether they meet more than one certification criteria and exceed existing levels in non-requisite criteria items. 

In FY2019, we certified the following product manufactured by the Accessibility Innovation Company. The Company’s NATRUS+e reduces doors’ unnecessary opening and closing time by 70% compared to the previous automatic door product, helping keep indoor temperatures stable and thus contribute to the saving of energy. The Nabtesco Group will continue to make its best efforts to contribute to solving climate change by further developing its motion control technology for moving precisely and stopping objects.

Certification Criteria
Downsizing and
weight reduction
  Higher efficiency and
less energy use
By 15% or more compared
with previous models
  By 15% or more compared
with previous models
Longer life   Non-use of hazardous
substances
By 20% or longer compared
with previous models
  Not contained
Certified Product in FY2019
Product name Evaluation criteria
Downsizing and
weight reduction
Higher efficiency and less energy loss Longer life Non-use of
hazardous substances
NATRUS+e Same as before 70% reduction of the unnecessary opening and closing time of the door Same as before Not contained

Product Life Cycle Assessment

Our products, which are used in a range of fields, have an impact on the environment throughout their life cycle. We quantifiably grasp the whole picture over each phase of the product’s life cycle and take environmentally friendly measures, as a part of our regular initiatives to reduce environmental burden. As part of theses initiative, we present the results of the LCA.*
In order to identify sources and improvements that can be made regarding the environmental burdens of our products and systems, we have assessed the impact (CO2 emissions, fossil fuel usage) on global warming from procurement to disposal and recycling for our major products (in Nabtesco Corporation). Please note that the amount of waste disposal of raw materials and toxic substances in products are extremely small, and we consume very little water in the procurement, manufacturing, transportation, and use phases. The emissions of air pollutants other than CO2 are very small compared with CO2 emissions, so that they are not included as a subject of the LCA assessment. Consequently, we have determined that only the LCAs of CO2 and fossil fuels will suffice for the full LCA. Results of the LCA are greatly utilized during the design of existing and new products.

  • *LCA: Life Cycle Assessment. A method of quantifiably estimating and assessing the resources and energy used by products and the environmental burdens imposed by products, across the life cycle, including raw material procurement, manufacturing, use, recycling, and eventual disposal. It also assesses the potential environmental impact of products.
Purpose Identification of sources and improvements that can be made regarding the environmental burdens of products and systems
Product scope Major products (in Nabtesco Corporation)
Assessment method Assessing environmental issues, i.e., the impact on global warming(CO2 emissions)
Usage of assessment results Utilized in the design of future products
System scope From Domestic procurement to disposal and recycling
CO2 emission rate in the phase (%)
LCA results

Taking these results into consideration, our products recognize the important orientation of our company toward environmentally friendly designs as follows.

Company Product category CO2 emission risks
in phases
Result
(product
development
orientation)
Raw Materials Manufa-cturing Use Dis-
posal
Precision
Machinery
Company
  • 画像

    Precision Reduction Gears: RV
    Component Type

  • 画像

    Gear Head Type

  • 画像

    Gear Head Type
    (Table Type)

High Low - Low Weight
reduction,
rigidity
improvement,
MRO
Power
Control
Company
  • 画像

    Traveling Unit for Crawlers

  • 画像

    Control Valve for Mini Excavators

  • 画像

    Swing Unit for Hydraulic Excavator

High Low - Low Weight
reduction,
MRO
Aerospace
Company
  • 画像

    Flight Control Actuation System

  • 画像

    High Voltage Electric Power Distribution Unit

Middle Low - Low Weight
reduction,
MRO
Railway
Company
  • 画像

    Unit Brakes

  • 画像

    Brake Operating Units for Railroad Vehicles

  • 画像

    Door Operators for Railroad Vehicles

Middle Low - Low Weight
reduction,
MRO
Marine
Company
  • 画像

    Main Engine Remote Control System
    (M-800-V)

  • 画像

    Electronically controlled hydraulic valves

  • 画像

    GAP sensors

Middle Low - Low Weight
reduction,
MRO
Living
Environment
Company
  • 画像

    Automatic Doors

  • 画像

    Automatic Platform Doors

  • 画像

    Platform Screen Doors

Low Low High Low Energy saving,
in design and
opening and
losing

The Precision Equipment and Power Control Companies are concerned about weight reduction and MRO in the design of their products because their products emit larger amounts of CO2 in the raw materials phase. The Accessibility Innovation Company designs its products to save energy during their opening and closing because its products emit larger amounts of CO2 in the use phase.

Corporate Communications Department, environment & safety Department, 1, 2

Cost of Implementing Anti-Climate Change Measures

The Nabtesco Group collects important information about the environment, safety, accident prevention, health, and others, including climate change-related risks and opportunities, assesses the materiality of related issues, and discusses measures to implement for those that are deemed to be important.
In FY2019, to diminish the risks of climate change, we implemented some measures, for example we replaced air conditioning facilities with the models that are expected to increase energy efficiency as the rising average temperature accelerates their use, and moved forward with measures to prevent the leakage of rainwater and drainage problems. The expenses for these activities were approximately 175 million yen.

Furthermore, in FY2018 we spent about 9.9 billion yen on R&D related to climate change measures, development of green products, and other initiatives.

The Nabtesco Group owns motion control technologies, which are used to control movements of a variety of equipment, including precision reduction gears for industrial robots, travel unit for excavators, aircraft flight control actuation systems, brake operating units and door operators for railroad vehicle, engine control systems for marine vessels, and automatic doors for buildings and other structures. Based on these technologies, we will pursue higher energy efficiency in a range of business fields and thereby contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions generated through use of the above equipment  by our customers.

Corporate Communications Department, environment & safety Department, 1, 2
Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Environmental Management

Environmental Policy

The Nabtesco Group recognizes its social responsibility for realizing a sus...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Environmental Management

ESH Promotion Framework

ESH Management Organization The Nabtesco Group has set up the Gr...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Environmental Management

ESH Audits

The chairperson of the Group ESH Committee visits each site once a year to ...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Environmental Management

Environmental Management System

The Nabtesco Group acknowledges that the ISO 14001 international standard i...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Environmental Management

Nabtesco Energy Management System (NEMS)

In April 2015, we introduced an environmental information management tool a...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Environmental Management

Environmental Education

ESH Trainings The Nabtesco Group provides its employees with diverse...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Environmental Management

Compliance with Environmental Regulations

At the Nabtesco Group, we identify, register, and manage environmental laws...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Environmental Management

Participation in the United Nations Global Compact Study Group on Environmental Management

The Nabtesco Group has been participating in various organizational activit...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Combating Climate Change

Measures Against Climate Change

Based on its material CSR issues (materiality), the Nabtesco Group has been...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Combating Climate Change
Response thumb 126 388 05e

2019 Targets and Results

Thanks to energy-saving activities and the introduction of solar power syst...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Combating Climate Change

Reduction in Energy Consumption

Energy Consumption [Global] * The figure for the Nabtesco Group i...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Combating Climate Change

Renewable Energy

The Nabtesco Group is promoting the use of renewable energy equipment at it...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Combating Climate Change

Mitigation of Environmental Impact Caused by Products and Services

Certification System for Energy-Saving Products Nabtesco’s eco label a...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Combating Climate Change

Cost of Implementing Anti-Climate Change Measures

The Nabtesco Group collects important information about the environment, sa...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Conservation of Water Resources

Conservation of Water Use

Basic Approach to Water Resources The Nabtesco Group does not require a ...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Conservation of Water Resources
Response thumb 191 674 01e

Water Use and Water Discharge Management in FY2019 in Japan

The Nabtesco Group uses groundwater mainly to cool test stands and melt sno...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Conservation of Water Resources

Addressing water risks

In FY2014, water-related risks in the areas where the Nabtesco Group’s seve...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Management of Waste and Other Emissions

Waste Reduction

Activities to Reduce Landfill Waste The Nabtesco Group is foster...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Management of Waste and Other Emissions

Prevention and Reduction of Pollution

The Nabtesco Group is working to identify, reduce the use, and prevent the ...

Striving for Harmony with Global Environment
Scope of Environment and Other Data

Scope of Environment and Other Data

The scope of the calculation covers the major domestic and overseas product...